Personal learning log for BA (Hons) Photography Course

Archive for May, 2012

Planning for Assignment 2 – Elements of Design

Time is moving on and I have been thinking about Assignment 2. This assignment is all about the various Elements of Design and the assignment asks for the incorporation of these elements into a series of 10 – 15 images.
I have decided that for this assignment I will create a photo tour or the Brisbane River from Goodwill Bridge along the South Bank across the Kurilpa Bridge and back along George Street to the Parliament Building and the Botanical Gardens.

The Modern Architecture of the 2 foot bridges will provide many shape and frames, the older bridges may provide curves, activity on the south bank and by the lido will provide many points of interest and patterns and the older buildings surrounding the new parliament building will provide rhythm.

Although I have not quite finished all the exercises for Elements of Design the weather forecast is good for the next 2 days only and I will be leaving the area for a month in 5 days. Sunday morning is the planned day for creating this work starting at 0600 to avoid the many early risers, although the fitness freaks will be out and about, sunrise is at 0620 so there should be lots of soft light for the walk.

Normally as a studio photographer I have not had to go through these thought process’s before. Aside from the results and my tutors opinion that in itself has been a valuable lesson; to have to think not only about the subject but the time of day to avoid too many people but still to get the best light.

I look forward to posting the results but also getting the feedback of my tutor.

Lines – Implied lines

Lines do not have to be obvious in the image, they can be implied to the viewer.  This can be by following the eye line of a subject, the extension of an existing line to something, or the connection of points.

This 3 parts exercise is to demonstrate this.  For the first part I have made annotations on the displayed images in the Study Guide but without access to a scanner I cannot add them to the blog.

Part 2 asks for an analysis of any 3 random images from my collection.  On the following images I have marked the key implied lines:

An implied line exists between the small child and the dog with a secondary line from the dogs eyeline as it looks to change direction.

Implied line from Cannon to Grave and back

This image shows the extension of the line of the cannon to the grave stone.  This line also implies a consequence of one from the other.  Cannon causes death, or death results from cannon!

There are 2 implied lines in this image, the first and strongest is an intention towards the beds, although this is a mural. The second is the eyeline from both girls backwards as if seeking approval from someone.

For part 3 of this exercise I will produce 2 images to show an eyeline and extension of a line as kinds of implied lines to lead the eye.

Lines – Curves

In the same way that the tension of diagonals, curves also provide a sense of movement and direction.  They can also provide grace, smoothness and elegance.

4 Curves:

While the curve of the path shows movement through the trees the balancing curve of the trees towards the predominant light adds grace and serenity to the image.

The curving lines of the top of the carousel combined with a slow shutter speed show movement.

The curving trajectory can be followed from the exit point from the water to the future entry point

Whilst movement is obvious in this image the curve of water round the surfer  add grace and elegance to the image.

Lines – Diagonals

Diagonals can be created through camera angle or by perspective.  They provide a greater sense of movement through an image than Horizontal or Vertical lines because of their visual instability.

4 Diagonals:

Compositional diagonals created by the hand rail and the steps.  The 2 diagonals oppose each other.


The diadonal of the pier emphasised by the diagonal line of rocks provide a sense of the fishing pier moving outward to the water.


The diagonal line of fishing boats in the foreground extends past the sea defense with smaller and smaller surf craft in the water.



Strong diagonals lead into this surfer watching the sunrise, there is a further implied diagonal of his eye line.

Lines – Horizontal & Vertical

There are obvious lines often seen in images such as the horizon, long shadows, walls, roads.

Horizontal lines are often seen as static & stable while verticals have a greater sense of movement and confrontation:

4 Horizontal lines.

Although this image contains many vertical as well as Horizontal lines there are 3 dominant horizontals:

The Road marking

The tops of the bollards supporting the mesh above

The wall behind separating the building work.

As a result the lines are expresssive as well as graphical

Horizontal lines on a bench.  These lines are expressive with the uneven lay of the slats giving the image depth while maintaining horizontal lines.

The horizontal lines across the front of this building graphically separate the floors.

The horizon provides a graphical intersection between sea and sky while the pier provides an expressive element. Although the pier intersects the image equally it could be argued that it is in fact an implied diagonal.

4 Vertical Lines:

The verticals of the buildings dominate.

Multiple vertical people provide a pattern of vertical lines.

The vertical lines of this barrier frame and enclose the beach behind.

A frame containing Verticals, Horizontals and Diagonals.  The Horizontals of the building are supported by the dominant vertical slats, which have produced diagonal shadows.

Multiple Points

To be added

Positioning a Point

The position of a point within the frame can change the story of the image. The classic positions for a point are Center Frame, Off Center, on the edge of a frame or on a Golden Section.

The following images show a Lifeguard Watchtower and in each the position changes the story.

Central Point


In the above image the watchtower is positioned  just right of center. The positioning isolates the tower as the sole point of the image.

Left of Certer

With the point left of center it is still isolated within the frame and provides a juxtaposition that this Beach Lifeguard Tower is positioned and viewed amongst grassland.

Right of Center

In this final image the Tower is still isolated as the single point however it is given setting by its surrounding.